sexta-feira, 12 de outubro de 2007

The Costs of E-Voting in Brazil – Reinforcing the Digital Divide and Undermining Democracy *

José Rodrigues Filho, Ph.D
Universidade Federal da Paraíba
João Pessoa – PB, Brazil

Natanael Pereira Gomes, M.Sc
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Recife – PE, Brazil

Abstract: The first large-scale electronic election on the globe has taken place in Brazil. However, investment in information technology and other initiatives working towards e-government have been happening without a definition of an appropriate public policy and with a lack of research work. An attempt is made to expand the critique of e-voting beyond technical problems, considering that investment in e-voting is higher than that in basic social programmes that could help the poor much more in areas of education and health. In Brazil, e-voting seems to be reinforcing the digital divide, especially when access to technology is created by market-driven forces. E-voting insecurity and technological failures can jeopardize democracy. The discourse of e-democracy has to be reframed beyond the dominant and mainstream rhetoric and the Electoral Justice in Brazil must have a social view of information technology implementation. Any e-voting project should not be separated from citizenship, which in Brazil seems to be diminishing.

* Este trabalho foi apresentado no V VOTOBIT - COLÓQUIO INTERNACIONAL SOBRE VOTAÇÃO ELETRÔNICA, realizado em Monterrey, México (Setembro/2007). Versão completa poderá ser adquirida dos autores.

Um comentário:

Anônimo disse...

Há quem diga que a multinacional Diebold vende urnas eletronicas ao Brazil. Mesmo assim, alguns inocentes ainda dizem que a urna eletronica é brasileira.